Events in the History of
1770 Captain Cook sailing 4-5 km off shore recorded "..a small clump of an island lying close to shore." (Coal Island, later Nobby's).
1780 The area now called the Hunter Region inhabited by the Awabakal, Worimi, Waranua, Geawegal, Birbai and Darkinung Aboriginal tribes.
1797 Lt John Shortland is the first European to discover the waterway
1799 First coal exported
from the Hunter for Bengal in
1801 Penal colony established, but abandoned within 12 months after convict mutiny. First cedar cut for export from the Hunter.
1804 The name
1818 Governor Macquarie
ordered start of breakwater to join
1822 Surveyor, Henry Dangar, commissioned to draw up plans for a township.
Agricultural (A.A.) Company set up by charter in
1826 A.A. Company took over coal mining from the Government.
1831 Original William the Fourth paddle steamer launched at Clarence Town.
1839 Hunter River Steam
Navigation Company formed to be
1845 First dredging of
1846 Nobbys Breakwater
completed. Ferry service between
1850 Obelisk, replacing a windmill, erected on 'The Hill' as a landmark for shipping.
1858 First dredging of
1866 SS Cawarra shipwrecked off
1904 The Adolphe wrecked on the Oyster Bank, near
1914 Walsh Island Dockyard commenced operations (closed 1933).
1915 BHP Steelworks began
1939 World War II caused
huge development of heavy industry in
1942 Construction of the State Dockyard at the Dyke End.
1951 Hunter River Islands
Reclamation Scheme began (the joining of Dempsey, Walsh and
1962 Contracts let for harbour dredging.
1966 Maritime Services
1967 Basin Coal Loader began operations.
1974 The Sygna runs aground on
1976 Port Waratah Coal Services Coal Loader began exporting.
1977 Harbour dredging program ($103 million) began.
1978 Floating Dock 'Muloobinba' commissioned.
1984 Kooragang Coal Loader shipped its first coal.
1987 Closure of Newcastle State Dockyard.
1988 Newcastle Harbour
Foreshore Development opened by Queen Elizabeth II during
1990 Merger of Port Waratah Coal Services Ltd. with Kooragang Coal Loader Ltd.
1994 Port Waratah Coal Services (PWCS) announced $100 million plan to expand the Kooragang Coal Terminal.
1995 Commencement of the Basin redevelopment for general cargo facilities at a cost of $1.6 million
1996 The 315 metre Iron
Pacific loads 183,904 tonnes of coal at Kooragang
Coal Terminal to be the largest ship to visit
1997 Total exports of 60.6 million tonnes, up 13% on the previous year. Corporation undertakes Port side community projects valued at over $4million as part of the Newcastle Bicenentary Gifts program.
new berth K6 is opened. Total
throughput for Port in 1997/1998 Financial Year a record 77.06 million tonnes,
1999 Newcastle retains
2000 In a
2001 Vessel Traffic Information Centre opened. PWCS installs third coal shiploader and support systems at Kooragang to lift port coal capacity to 89mtpa.
2002 P&O/GrainCorp open Agriterminal on
2003 New import records for alumina, cement and iron & steel
2004 New trade record of 82.7 million tonnes.
2005 One of
the world’s top 10 luxury yacht manufacturers, Sensation Yachts, establishes
Australian facility in
2006 Coal exports exceed 80 million tonnes for the first time. Trade throughout valued at more than $8 billion.
2007 Pasha Bulker runs aground Nobby’s Beach. Plans announced to develop former State Dockyard at Dyke Point into a super luxury yacht manufacturing facility for Azzura Marine.
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